تبلیغات
[pre] [/pre] آینده به شما نزدیک است - دستور Ping اصلی ترین دستور TCP/IP برای عیب یابی اتصال
ترفندستان ● مرجع اخبار و اطلاعات کامپیوتری ، اینترنت ، موبایل و آنچه شما بخواهید
تاریخ : سه شنبه 16 خرداد 1391
نویسنده : Mohsen Jamshidi Zarmehri

 

گزینه های مختلف دستورPing  :

Ping -t

با استفاده از پارامتر "t" میتوان تعیین کرد تا دستور Ping تا زمان interrupted شدن توسط کاربر به Ping کردن ادامه دهد.

Ping -a

با استفاده از پارامتر a نیز میتوان نام هاست IP مورد نظر را پیدا کرد .به عبارتی این پارامتر نام هاست متناظر با IP را نمایش میدهد.

Ping -n

با استفاده از پارامتر "n" نیز میتوان تعداد دفعات ارسال Echo Request messages را که به طور پیش فرض 4 بار میباشد افزایش یا کاهش داد.

Ping -l

با استفاده از پارامتر "l" نیز میتوان حجم بسته Echo Request messages را که به طور پیش فرض 32 بایت میباشد تغییر داد.ماکزیمم مقدار مجاز برای این پارامتر 65,527 میباشد.

Ping -i

با استفاده از پارامتر "i" نیز میتوان مدت زمان زنده بودن پکت سرگردان را تعیین کرد .به عبارت دیگر این پارامتر TTL – Time  To Live بسته Echo Request messages را تعیین میکند.

نکته:مدت TTL برحسب مشخصات هاست تعیین میگردد .به عنوان مثال اگر هاست مورد نظر Windows XP باشد مقدار TTL برابر 128 است.ماکزیمم این مقدار نیز 256 میباشد.

Ping -v

با استفاده از پارامتر "v" نیز میتوان مقدار TOS - Type Of Service در هدر ای پی Echo Request messages را تعیین کرد.مقراد پیش فرض 0 میباشد.

محدوده مجاز این مقدار نیز بین 0 و 255 میباشد.

Ping -w

با استفاده از پارامتر "w" نیز میتوان مدت زمان انتظار برای دریافت پاسخ از هاست بر حسب milliseconds را تعیین نمود.

در صورتی که هاست در این مدت زمان نتوان به بسته Echo Request messages دهد اررور Request timed out برای کاربر نمایش داده میشود.

مقدار پیش فرض 4000ms یا 4 ثانیه میباشد.

 




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